Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil (22 September 1887 to 9 May 1959 ) was born in Kumbhoj, Kolhapur.They was a social activist and teacher in Maharashtra. He founded the Rayat Shikshan Sanstha ( Rayat Education Society ) and A strong advocate of mass education. Bhaurao played an important role in educating low income people and backward castes by coining the philosophy earn and learn. He was a prominent member of Satyashodhak Samaj , established by Mahatma Jotirao Phule. The people of Maharashtra honoured him with the sobriquet Karmaveer (King of actions) and the Government of India awarded him with Padma Bhushan in 1959 in India.
Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil was born in a Jain rancher family at Kumbhoj (Kolhapur district). In East India company, Bhaurao’s dad was an agent in the income office. Bhaurao was one of the initial few Jains known to have passed eighth class of optional school. The honorable King of Kolhapur Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj, who gave an facility to Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil to remain in the royal residence of Kolhapur to study and stay with Maharaj, during childhood. And Bhaurao was heavily influenced by Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj
The King of Kolhapur was promoter of social equality and education of individuals having a place with in backward caste. In the long run, his dad sent him to Kolhapur for further education, where he got in contact with Satya Shodhak Movement and discovered different wellsprings of motivation, Mahatma Phule and Maharshi Vitthal Ramji Shinde. Bhaurao collected political intrigue and chose to express his part in the battle for Indian flexibility battle by working in other valuable fields like state funded education. While he worked for Kirloskars, Ogles, and Coopers he took part in activities of Satya Shodhak Samaj.
He had acknowledged by then that the main solution for the social disasters of those circumstances was the instruction of the majority. In 1919, he began an inn where kids from poor families lower castes could stay and get an education, while working to pay the costs. This was the establishment of what later progressed toward becoming Rayat Shikshan Sansthan.
As Bhaurao began working at his program to teach the majority, Gandhiji had additionally propelled his team to free India (independence development). Amid an public meeting in 1921, Bhaurao happened to run over Gandhiji at Mumbai. He was exceptionally inspired by Gandhi’s appearance in a loin fabric and his theory of Khadi. Following this experience, Bhaurao chose to receive Khadi clothing and take after Gandhian standards in ordinary living. In the end he pledged to see it to completion, setting up 101 schools in Gandhi’s name. Be that as it may, Gandhiji and Bhaurao had a distinction of conclusion regarding the matter of tolerating awards from government for instructive exercises in post independence India.
Gandhiji trusted that regardless of the possibility that the administration needed to give allows in help to an education foundation (or establishments) without putting any confinements on the institute(s), this would in the long run degenerate into orders and oversight. Nobody can hope to get cash without conditions until the end of time. Bhaurao saw no such issue with tolerating awards from the government. The abundant banyan is the account of Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil composed by Barrister Pandurang Ganapati Patil. P. G. Patil is an educationist of Maharashtra.
While hired in the Kirloskar processing plant at Kolhapur, Bhaurao started working for the Satyashodhak Samaj. In a meeting, held at Kale close Karad of Satyashodhak Samaj, a determination passed that keeping in mind the end goal to run the Satyashodhak development effectively it is important to educate the Bahujan Samaj. Likewise, Bhaurao Patil set up Rayat Shikshan Sanstha at a little town named Kale, on 4 October 1919. This general public concentrated on the offspring of the majority, so it was named Rayat, the Marathi word for “masses”. Amid Bhaurao’s lifetime the Sanstha made thirty-eight cosmopolitan life experience schools, 578 deliberate schools, six preparing universities, 108 auxiliary schools and three universities.